Рефераты по иностранным языкам

National Museum of Natural History

08 Апреля 2012, реферат

The National Museum of Natural History is a natural history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States. Admission is free and the museum is open 364 days a year except December, 25.

The museum's collections total over 500 million specimens of plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, and human cultural artifacts. With 7.4 million visitors in 2009, it is the most visited of all of the Smithsonian museums and is also home to about 185 professional natural history scientists — the largest group of scientists dedicated to the study of natural and cultural history in the world.

Neunzehntes Jahrhundert nach unserer Zeitrechnung (1789 bis 1914)

31 Декабря 2010, реферат

Die Ideen der Französischen Revolutionen drangen auch bis nach Bremen vor. Es blieb jedoch zunächst verhältnismäßig ruhig, denn anders als in Frankreich, wo sich das Bürgertum gegen Adel und Klerus erhob, beherrschte hier das gehobene Bürgertum von je her die Stadt. Wenn es Streit gab, dann zwischen den Mitgliedern der Oberschicht um die Verteilung der Macht, oder zwischen dem Rat der Stadt und den Bürgerkonventen der vier Kirchspiele der Altstadt über Staatsschulden und Steuern. Manchmal gab es auch Unruhen unter den Gesellen, etwas später unter den Soldaten, den bürgerrechtlich benachteiligten Neustädtern oder bei der Landbevölkerung, aber die waren für das Staatswesen relativ bedeutungslos. Es gab keine eigentliche revolutionäre Stimmung.

Nokia corporation.

04 Ноября 2012, реферат

President - Stephen Elop, who replaced Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, 21 September 2010
The company got its name from the name of the river (Nokianvirta), where Fredrik Idestam built in 1868 in his second paper mill. Nokia Ab company name was given in 1871
Another thing is that the name of the river, believed to be derived from the ancient Finnish word nois (pl. nokia), indicated by a black sable, which once calculation was done in those places. When sable disappeared, the word came to mean any animal with black fur, such as mink or marten.

Norman Conquest

25 Октября 2011, реферат

The Norman conquest of England began on 28 September 1066 with the invasion of England by William, Duke of Normandy. William became known as William the Conqueror after his victory at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066, defeating King Harold II of England. Harold's army had been badly depleted in the English victory at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in Northern England on 25 September 1066 over the army of King Harald III of Norway. By early 1071, William had secured control of most of England, although rebellions and resistance continued until approximately 1088.

Nouvelle Fantastique

20 Мая 2013, сочинение

Cet atelier d’écriture a été mené avec l’ensemble des élèves de la classe, pendant deux semaines, nous devions écrire une séance fantastique ou le redimensionnement d’un récit de livre sur une fiche de lecture. Il a permis le réinvestissement concret des notions abordées au cours du deuxième semestre : la structure d’un récit ; le bon usage des temps du passé (imparfait / passé simple/ futur) la richesse de la langue; les marques de temps et de lieu; le portrait et la description; le vocabulaire du fantastique. Le professeur ayant eu l’idée originale d'obliger les étudiants à respecter ces éléments vigoureux. Le lecteur indulgent pardonnera et qui sait appréciera, ce mélange étonnant, mais un très bon exercice pour l imagination et la création d’une nouvelle en français!

Oliver Cromwell

20 Декабря 2010, реферат

Oliver Cromwell, an English soldier and statesman of outstanding gifts and a forceful character shaped by a devout Calvinist faith, was lord protector of the republican Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1653 to 1658. One of the leading generals on the parliamentary side in the English Civil War against King Charles I, he helped to bring about the overthrow of the Stuart monarchy, and, as lord protector, he raised his country's status once more to that of a leading European power from the decline it had gone through since the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

Organizational part

10 Ноября 2011, реферат

Goals for the lesson:
To get to know the main objectives of the course and their application
To learn basic definitions of the course
To know more about such procedures as , measuring, testing and inspection


07 Мая 2013, реферат

Identification. The name "Australia" was formally adopted and popularized in 1817 by the British governor of the colony of New South Wales. The title was suggested in 1814 and derives from the Latin terra australis incognita ("the unknown south land") which had been used by mapmakers for centuries before European colonization.
Location and Geography. Australia is an island continent in the Southern Hemisphere, lying between Antarctica and Asia. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the west; the Timor, Arafura, and Coral Seas to the north; the Pacific Ocean to the east; and the Tasman Sea and Southern Ocean to the south. Much of the continent is low, flat, and dry. The area of the continent is 2.97 million square miles (7.69 million square kilometers).

Ostern in Deutschland

14 Марта 2012, доклад

Eines des ältesten und beliebtesten Feste in Deutschland ist Ostern. Mit diesem Fest feiert die christliche Kirche die Auferstehung des gekreuzigten Christus. Zugleich ist das ein Fest der wiedererwachenden Natur.
Ostern wurde schon im 4. Jahrhundert gefeiert und zwar als das wichtigste christliche Fest. Der Osteranfang fällt auf den ersten Sonntag nach dem Vollmond, der dem Frühlingsanfang folgt.

Overview of nVidia nForce chipset

02 Ноября 2011, реферат

In article Im described the two major incarnations of the nForce chipset, the nForce 220 and the nForce 420. The only difference between the two is the presence (or lack thereof) the TwinBank memory controllers; the nForce 420 uses the 128-bit TwinBank memory controllers and thus has the IGP-128 while the nForce 220 has the 64-bit IGP-64. Another designation is made among chipsets based on the presence of the Dolby Digital license for the MCP.

Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus

26 Сентября 2011, реферат

Have you noticed how different your child has been acting ever since he had that sore throat? He seems hyperactive, moody and keeps blinking his eyes. He also has become very particular about the way he does certain things.

Parents to be given five-a-day checklist on how to raise children

13 Ноября 2011, практическая работа

Television and radio advertisements and posters in nurseries and on buses would spell out how parents should play, read, talk, praise, and feed their children every day, under the proposed drive.
Companies that make toys, children’s books and baby food would be encouraged to brand their products with an official logo under the proposed scheme, which is modelled on the successful “five-a-day” fruit and vegetables dietary campaign.
The children’s minister, Sarah Teather, warmly welcomed the proposals, which came from the think-tank, CentreForum, and promised to consider the option of a “five-a-day” campaign for child development.

Patstāvīgais darbs

13 Апреля 2011, курсовая работа

Veikala pamata darbības virziens bija sporta preču piedāvājums.Līdz ar tehnoloģiju attīstību un klientu uzticēšanos interneta pakalpojumiem veikals tika uzlabots un pārveidots par interneta veikalu- noliktavu. Tagad www.e-veikals.lv piedāvā saviem klientiem lielu sporta preču klāstu, sākot no sporta apģērba un apaviem, līdz trenažieriem.

Paзвитиe гeндepныx иccлeдoвaний в лингвистике

21 Марта 2012, курсовая работа

Cтaнoвлeниe и интeнcивнoe paзвитиe гeндepныx иccлeдoвaний в лингвиcтикe пpиxoдитcя нa пocлeдниe дecятилeтия XX вeкa, чтo cвязaнo co cмeнoй нaучнoй пapaдигмы в гумaнитapныx нaукax пoд влияниeм пocтмoдepниcтcкoй филocoфии.Нoвoe пoнимaниe пpoцeccoв кaтeгopизaции, oткaз oт пpизнaнии oбъeктивнoй иcтины, интepec к cубъeктивнoму, к чacтнoй жизни чeлoвeкa, paзвитиe нoвыx тeopий личнocти, в чacтнocти тeopии coциaльнoгo кoнcтpуктивизмa, пpивeли к пepecмoтpу нaучныx пpинципoв изучeния кaтeгopий этничнocть, вoзpacт и пoл, интepпpeтиpoвaвшиxcя paнee кaк биoлoгичecки дeтepминиpoвaнныe

Photoacoustic imaging in biomedicine

27 Марта 2011, реферат

Photoacoustic imaging, as a hybrid biomedical imaging modality, is developed based on the photoacoustic effect. In photoacoustic imaging, non-ionizing laser pulses are delivered into biological tissues (when radio frequency pulses are used, the technology is referred to as thermoacoustic imaging). Some of the delivered energy will be absorbed and converted into heat, leading to transient thermoelastic expansion and thus wideband (e.g. MHz) ultrasonic emission. The generated ultrasonic waves are then detected by ultrasonic transducers to form images.

Pitirim A. Sorokin

18 Апреля 2012, реферат

Pitirim A. Sorokin was born in 1889 in Komi (province in Northern Russia) into a peasant family. During his early childhood he traveled with his father and two brothers earning their living by remodeling and painting rural churches. His strong interest in education, combined with a natural talent and work ethic, soon transformed him into a leading Russian social scientist and famous politician who was at the center of the Russian Revolution in 1917. In 1923, after his banishment by the Bolsheviks, Pitirim Sorokin started a new life in the United States

Planning a business letter

14 Мая 2012, реферат

The rule of the five questions

Political system of Russia

29 Декабря 2011, доклад

In fact he has much power, he controls all the three branches of power. The President can even dissolve the Duma if he doesn't agree with his suggestions three times running. The President has his administration, but it's not part of the Federal Government. The President is involved in the work of the legislative and executive branches.

Population, family and kindship in Libya

13 Ноября 2011, доклад

Статья на английском языке о традиционных семейных отношениях в Ливии.

Positive thinking

05 Декабря 2011, доклад

Positive thinking has to do with being able to control your focus regardless of what kind of challenges you are facing. This can be a tough challenge because when all you see is negativity or poor results, it is a lot easier to think negatively and focus on things like why bad things always happen to you or why you can never seem to achieve your goals. This can be a trap that can destroy your life in terms of preventing you from ever realizing your goals and dreams. In this article, I will discuss the importance of being able to think positively and will also offer you some tips on how you can use this to change your life.

Present perfect In british and american

09 Июня 2013, дипломная работа

The aim of the research work is to analyze the reasons of the frequency of the use of Present Perfect and Past Simple verb forms on the example of American and British fiction and to identify this frequency.
Objectives are:
- to study the definition and characteristics of the category of tense of English verbs;
- to examine the peculiarities of Present Perfect and Past Simple;
- to compare the frequency of the use of Present Perfect Tense and the Past Simple Tense in American and British English and to identify the average ratio of Present Perfect to Past Indefinite.

Prices and Consumer Incomes

13 Января 2011, доклад

The other economic factor that consumers must consider carefully in making their purchases of goods and services is their own level of income. Most people earn their income from the work they perform, whether as physicians, carpenters, teachers, plumbers, assembly line workers, or clerks in retail stores. Some people also receive income by renting or selling land and other natural resources they own, as profit from a business or entrepreneurial venture, or from interest paid on their savings accounts or other investments.


30 Января 2011, реферат

An ethnic conflict is a conflict between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism. They are of interest because of the apparent prevalence since the Cold War and because they frequently result in war crimes such as genocide. Academic explanations of ethnic conflict generally fall into one of three schools of thought: primordialist and modernization. Intellectual debate has also focused around the issue of whether ethnic conflict has become more prevalent since the end of the Cold War, and on devising ways of managing conflicts, through instruments such as consociationalism and federalisation.


10 Октября 2011, лекция

Production is the process of altering resources or inputs so they satisfy more wants. Before goods can be distributed or sold, they must be produced. Production, more specifically, the technology used in the production of a good (or service) and the prices of the inputs determine the cost of production. Within the market model, production and costs of production are reflected in the supply function.

Provinzstädtchen Lansquenet-sous-Tannes

13 Апреля 2011, доклад

An einem eiskalten, windigen Wintertag im Jahr 1959 kommt Vianne Rocher mit ihrer Tochter Anouk im verschlafenen Provinzstädtchen Lansquenet-sous-Tannes zwischen Toulouse und Bordeaux an.

Public Examination System

08 Сентября 2011, контрольная работа

The government of the day controls education in Britain ( as it does in Sweden). either directly through Acts of Parliament or indirectly through the orchestration of public opinion. As Britain is a liberal democracy the government also responds to - or at least takes note of - the will of the people expressed mainly in the mass media.

Quantifiers and their ways of use

05 Мая 2013, курсовая работа

English is an international language and now it is the most widely used language in the world. It is spoken as a first , second and official language by a majority of the inhabitants of nations, including United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, Germany, New Zealand and many other countries. And English is also popular in our country. A majority of people try to learn and try to speak in English. Some people learn through conversations and some people prefer to learn through grammar. Of course, learning any foreign language is interesting and fun but it takes a long time and patient. We should consider all their grammatical and speech rules. And my Course Paper deals with one aspect of English Grammar.

Raffic Rules in different countries (Правила движения на дороге)

25 Апреля 2012, доклад

Everyone must know the rules of the road. They help pedestrians and drivers to keep safe during movement. In many countries they are different. And is there a difference between the traffic rules in Russia and in England, for example? Let's look at the modern rules of the road and learn it…

Report on the subject “Juvenile delinquency”

19 Апреля 2012, реферат

Children often test the limits and boundaries set by their parents and other authority figures. Among adolescents, some rebelliousness and experimentation is common. However, a few children consistently participate in problematic behaviors that negatively affect their family, academic, social, and personal functioning. These children present great concern to parents and the community at large.

Requirements for the Coursework

22 Декабря 2011, реферат

Implementation of a course project provides the student a series of analytic action - fromproblem statement to its solution and protection project. Thus, the course design is the final stage in teaching the course.